A A Kulkarni
AND Data India Pvt. Ltd
Geographical Information System (GIS) have been studied and implemented for various types of applications and offered solutions to improve the traditional practices and techniques. Information needs to be rapidly captured in order to execute required task immediately in a profitable manner. Transportation network can be mostly stated as the lifelines, which connect the people of both urban and rural areas. In Metropolitan cities, public transport especially the corporation buses caters to the need of all the sections of the society irrespective of their economic status. On considering all the above-mentioned factors it is apparent that the use of GIS would ensure optimum utilization of available resources for development of urban road network. Emergency vehicle routing is a typical example of path finding. The emergency vehicle has a known origin location that might be a fire hall, police station or ambulance location. A call comes in representing an emergency event at a particular location in the route network. The first step in dealing with the emergency may be to determine which fire hall, police station, police patrol car or ambulance should respond to the call. Location-allocation models can be used to determine the optimal location of a set of centers to serve spatially distributed demand for some commodity or service. This is a complex modeling problem involving consideration of the spatial distribution of demand, the number, capacity and location of service centers, and the cost of interaction between demand and supply locations. Spatially distributed demand can then be allocated to each supply location so as to minimize transportation costs. Alternative configurations of supply points can be evaluated by repeating the allocation and comparing the results. A trial and error process may be used to approach an optimal solution. Constraints on travel may be used to identify areas, which are not well served by an existing set of centers.
The Cities in India are growing considerably at a faster rate with the suburbs thriving at a rapid rate. Pune is also no exception for such development. The problems of congestion and overcrowding are common predicament in urban life. This situation force the planners to evolve with new strategies and ideas for meeting the requirements of the population which is steadily increasing quantitatively and also having a rapid shift in the cultural pattern which influence much on the living style of the people. Pune is administratively lies in Maharashtra State is situated near to the Mumbai, which is commercial capital of India. As Pune is a second city of Maharashtra, always being very busy with welcoming the people from various places.Present study is dealing with information system of the Pune city road network, which manages the various facilities for such people. This kind of research is very much useful for anyone in emergency can took a decision for better outcome. In this study the Pune city road network has been extracted scanned maps using ESRI packages by digitization process and various facilities like Hotels, Railway Stations, Airports etc. has been colleted by field work. This field data was converted to point layer and using Network Analysis tool present study has been completed.