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Enhanced security through GIS and GPS
Vice President (Technology), RMSI, Noida
Security has been major concern of mankind for decades. Various devices have hit market to provide possible solutions and this list is growing everyday. Most of these devices are preventive and are mainly used to raise alarms. With growing knowledge and advancement in GIS and GPS technologies there is a possibility of new set of devices that along with preventive services can provide tracking and control services in case preventive services fails.
This paper examines possibility of usage of these devices in various requirements and goes on to discuss hurdles to be crossed while implementing solutions using these devices.
Whenever we start thinking about security of our vehicles, first thing which comes to our mind is Alarm System. Everyday new type of alarms are coming up which claim to be more securer than their competitor. But is putting Alarm System make it really secure or just a deterrent? With advancement of technology in GIS and GPS and increase of awareness of their uses to world at large, more devices are hitting market which along with raising alarm provide tracking and control services.
Most of the devices which are currently available in the market are being used for implementing Fleet Management System. But a closer look of these devices illustrate their possible use as Security Device which after detecting intruder raises alarm and have features to enable tracking of vehicle and possible lockout of vehicle from remote locations. Some of the devices available in market are:
Devices listed above are not only one available in market. Most of devices like these are being marketed for implementing Fleet Management System.
As evident from list of these devices, most of these devices are based on architecture as detailed in Figure 1.
Fig. 1: Architecture
Main component of this architecture are:
Even though number of these devices increasing day-by-day actual implementation is lagging because of several reasons. These are:
Most of these devices work on Cellular infrastructure, which makes device visible only in area where cellular network is available. Because of which in countries like India there will be several black zones where vehicles may not be traceable because of non-availability of cellular network.
And similar to Cellular infrastructure, Geographic data will not be available as detailed as may be desired to give good representation of location/path of vehicle.
Even though there are some hurdles to be crossed before these devices could replace Alarm Systems in all vehicles but these devices can very easily be installed in vehicles carrying VIP’s or high value items.
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