Sense of place data were acquired by three steps, which were survey design, questionnaire survey, and sum up the survey. The target region was Fujisawa City, Kanagawa prefecture, Japan, and the target respondents were the people who live, work, and go to school there.
First, in order to obtain sense of place data in the questionnaire survey by spatial expression adjectives with five-level evaluation, various adjectives were collected by past studies, books, hearings, as a preliminary investigation. After that, the 24 adjectives were selected from the data collection. Also, other questionnaires including subjects’ attribute data were set up.
Second, in the questionnaire survey, locations of sense of place data were obtained by free-writings and map-drawings in the questionnaire survey. The questionnaires include the 24 spatial expression adjectives by five-level evaluation to the sense of place at the same time.
Third, the locations of sense of place data for each subject were mapped by using GIS, to show the spatial relationships among the places where people feel specially something. The 24 adjective qualitative data were changed in quantitative data to create each 24 adjectives map and each factor map by factor analysis.
The data were spatially analyzed by three kinds of sense of place maps, which were based on the frequency, each 24 adjective, and each factor by GIS union function. Also, these sense of place maps were compared with the map that was Fujisawa City in the real world map including physical environment and man-made constructions. In the study, land use, green distribution, areas some distanced in rivers, visible areas for Mt. Fuji, visible areas for sea and Enoshima, as some of the real world map. Enoshima, a small resort island in the coast of Fujisawa City, is a symbol of the city, and many of the respondents actually answered the island as the place they have strong image in the region.
First, senses of places for the frequency was simply mapped, and the map showed the places which how many people had strong impression in. Second, senses of places for each 24 adjective were mapped based on the quantitative data, and the maps showed the places,
Figure.3: Senses of Fujisawa
Figure.4: Senses of Fujisawa for Livability “Open – Close”
Figure.5: Visible Areas for Sea and Enoshima and Sense of Fujisawa “Necessity”
which what kinds of impression people feel in. Figure. 3 shows an example of 24 adjective senses of places maps. The map represents some areas for meaning of “open” and “wide” sense and some areas for the opposite meaning of “close” and “narrow” sense. The map told us that people might have different sense if the areas were neighborhood. Also, sense of place might change in a border on the road because of the neighborhood.